The council is made up of 48 councillors elected every four years. Councillors are democratically accountable to residents of their area, known as a ward.
Councillors usually belong to a political party. Currently, Chesterfield Borough Council is made up of 34 Labour councillors, 11 Liberal Democrats, two independents and one UKIP councillor.
While councillors have to represent the interests of all residents in the borough, they have a special duty to their constituents, including those who did not vote for them.
Councillors have to agree to follow a code of conduct to ensure high standards in the way they undertake their duties. The Standards and Audit Committee trains and advises councillors on the code of conduct.